Main Article Content
Noni (Morinda citrifolia L) has long been used for herbal medicine to treat various medical conditions, such as arthritis, diabetes, hypertension, arteriosclerosis, heart disease, blood vessel problems, tumour and cancer. One of the compound in some fruit is ethanol. Ethanol in the pharmaceutical industry is often used as a solvent. Regulation of the Head of the National Agency of Drug and Food Control of the Republic of Indonesia (BPOM RI) Number HK.03.1.23.06.10.5166 Year 2010 states that alcohol-containing drugs, traditional medicines, and supplements must declare the alcohol content (in percentage) on the label. There are many available noni herbal medicines on Indonesia's market, either with or without a distribution license. This research aims to analyse alcohol content, product type, distribution licence, and label of alcohol content on noni herbal medicines from herbal drugstores or online shops in Jakarta. Determination of alcohol content in this study was performed using Gas Chromatography Headspace method. The result showed that 13 out of 20 samples contained alcohol ranging between 0.04 - 1.07%. None of the samples with detected alcohol had a label "contains alcohol in per cent (%)". Eighteen samples were categorised as "beverages" and two samples were categorised as "traditional medicines or herbal medicines". These two samples contain 0.21 and 0.07% alcohol. In accordence with the Fatwa of the Indonesian Council of Ulama, these herbal medicines are "allowed" to be consumed with certain conditions: the medicines do not endanger the health and do not encourage substance abuse, their use must follow the recommended dosage and they should not be used intentionally to get drunk. Out of 18 samples within the "beverage" category, only 12 samples were halal; the other 6 were haram.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Anwar, K., Triyasmono, L. 2016 Kandungan Total Fenolik, Total Flavonoid, dan Aktivitas Antioksidan Ekstrak Etanol Buah Mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia L). Jurnal Pharmascience, Vol 3, No 1, Februari 2016
Ayanblu F, Wang M.Y., Peng, L, Nowicki, J, Anderson, G, Nowicki D. 2006. Antithrombotic effect of Morinda citrifolia (Noni) fruit juice on the jugular vein thrombosis induced by ferric chloride in male adult SD rats. Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology.
Babar, Z.U. M., Jaswir, I., Malfiah, M.H.M., Ismail,S., Raus, R. A., Tareq, A.M., 2020. The Thrombolytic and Cytotoxic Effects of Nigella sativa (L.) Seeds: The Prophetic Medicine ”, Int. J. Halal. Res, 2 (2), 70-77.
Hassan, N.S., D. M. Abouelfadl, and O. M. Abdel-Salam, 2020. The ameliorative effect of vinpocetine on liver fibrosis and bone changes in the bile-duct ligated rat. Int. J. Halal. Res, 2(2): 58-69.
Maryati, T., 2020. Consumer Behavior Changes Post Pandemic Covid-19. Int. J. Halal. Res. 2(2) 84-89.
Mathivanan, N., Surandiran, G., Srinivasa, K., Sagadevan, E., Malarvizhi, K. Review on the current scenario of Noni research: Taxonomy, distribution, chemistry, medicinal and therapeutic values of Morinda citrifolia. International Journal of Noni Research. 2005; 1(1)
MUI, 2018. Keputusan Ijtima’ Ulama Komisi Fatwa Se-Indonesia ke VI Tahun 2018. Jakarta. Majelis Ulama Indonesia Pusat.
Nirwandar, S. 2020. Halal Gelatin and its Business Opportunity in Indonesia. Int. J. Halal. Res. 2(2) 50-57.
Riswiyanto, 2019.Kimia Organik. Jakarta. Penerbit Erlangga
Roswiem, A.P., (2017) Pengaruh lama penyimpanan jus buah-buahan yang dibuat dengan atau tanpa penambahan ragi terhadap kadar alkoholnya. Jakarta. Seminar Nasional Diseminasi dan Potensiasi Hasil Penelitian Untuk Pemberdayaan Umat. Universitas YARSI, 14 Pebruari 2017.
Syahbana, D. 2002, Mengkudu. Jakarta : Salemba Medika.
Taymiyyah, I. 1987, Al-Fatwa Al-Qubro Ii Ibnu Taymiyyah. Beirut – Libanon, Ddar Al–Kutub Al
Wang, M. Y., West, B. J., Jensen, C. J., Nowicki, D., Anderson, G., Chen, X, et al. 2002 Morinda citrifolia (noni): a Literature Review and Recent Advances in Noni Research. Acta Pharmacologica Sinica.; 23 (12) : 1127- 41.
Wang. M.L., Chong, Y.M., Su, N.W., Lee, M.H. 2003. A Rapid Method for Determination of Ethanol in Alcoholic Beverage Using Capillary Gas Chomatography. Journal of Food and Drug Analysis. II (2). 133-140.